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Rifle Scope Information

Here we have put together some information that should support sport shooters and hunters in choosing a suitable rifle scope. A good riflescope should match the weapon and intended use and have a minimum quality standard. Very cheap rifle scopes are often not bulletproof, which can lead to an error in the optics which in some cases is not always recognized. Missed shots are the result. A good rifle scope should also be waterproof and dustproof so that the shooter can rely on the information given by his target optics in every situation. This is the only way to achieve reliable precision.

Rifle Scope Information Adviser

Distance / magnification

The following information on the rifle scope magnification is for guidance only:

Distance / Magnification for sport shooting

Distance 25m: Magnification 6-10x

Distance 50m: Magnification 9-16x

Distance 100m: Magnification 12-24x

Long range up to 1000m: Magnification 24-50x

Distance / Magnification for hunting

Driven hunt: Magnification 1-6x

Stalking: Magnification 3-10x

Seat: Magnification 10-20x

Long range / mountain hunting: Magnification 16-30x

Quality Rifle Scope

As with reflex sights, it is crucial for a good riflescope that it meets the tough demands. High-quality branded riflescopes are usually all shooting-proof, even for large calibers. With very cheap riflescopes, caution is advised as the caliber increases. Even if the glass does not immediately fall out of the barrel, the adjustment can be slightly adjusted when the shot is fired without the shooter noticing. A nightmare for every sport shooter, because a good hit position is then almost impossible. For sport shooters who shoot at an illuminated target, a high light transmission is not crucial, so the diameter of the rifle scope should not be too large, 56mm tubes are intended for hunters who use the last light of dawn. In addition, the distance between the line of sight and the line of fire is relatively large, which has disadvantages when shooting at different distances and the weight of the target optics increases with its size.

Riflescope Reticle

The "reticle" replaces the crosshair in many rifle scopes, which was often used in rifle optics of older models. However, the crosshair is still used today in simple riflescopes. A crosshair consists of two threads stretched in a cross shape, mostly made of metal, which indicate the theoretical hit point to the shooter in their center. In modern target optics, the reticle is replaced by the reticle, which is engraved into one of the glass surfaces of the telescopic sight using laser technology. Most reticles are standardized, but many manufacturers also like to use slight modifications of the standardized reticles in their target optics. We have put together a selection of the most popular reticles here.

MOA (Minute of Angle)

MOA (Minute of Angle) describes the unit in which the horizontal / vertical tower adjustment (reticle adjustment) is standardized. The entire horizontal and vertical circumference is divided into 360 ° pieces, one of these degree pieces is now divided into 60 angular minutes. One MOA corresponds to one angular minute. The turret adjustments of telescopic sights subdivide this angular minute again into e.g. ½ MOA adjustment per click or ¼ MOA adjustment per click. The ¼ MOA adjustment per click is the finer division here and it is more suitable for long-range shots.

Objective Diameter

A large lens diameter of 56 mm can capture a lot of light and is particularly suitable for hunting at dusk. For sport shooters who shoot in good lighting conditions, a large lens diameter is more of a hindrance because the larger the lens diameter, the larger the distance between the line of sight and the line of fire. This means that the riflescope has to be readjusted frequently when shooting at different distances.

1st and 2nd Focal Plane

All riflescopes have the reticle in the 1st (first focal plane [FFP]) or 2nd focal plane (second focal plane [SFP]). If the reticle is in the 1st image plane, the reticle and illuminated dot increase in size as the zoom factor increases. With riflescopes with a reticle in the 2nd image plane, the reticle and illuminated dot remain the same size when zooming.

Riflescope Twilight Number

The indication of the twilight factor for riflescopes is only a calculated value from the lens diameter and magnification. The twilight factor therefore does not provide any information about the quality of target optics or binoculars. Nevertheless, the value offers a good overview of what light output can be expected.

Riflescope light transmission

The light transmission describes the percentage of the captured light that is actually transferred by the rifle scope and gives a good overview of the quality of the built-in lenses and their compensation. In good lighting conditions, the light transmission values ​​are hardly significant, but when dusk falls, these values ​​also become more and more decisive for image quality. A rifle scope with high light transmission brings better contrasts and a clearer image, which can offer the decisive advantage when hunting in difficult lighting conditions.

Parallax

Parallax is the apparent displacement of the target object when the viewing angle changes in the telescopic sight. To compensate for this as much as possible, there are target optics with parallax compensation, but this additional function is noticeable at a higher price and also with a little more weight. In addition, not every shooter needs a parallax compensation, newer riflescopes are parallax-free at a distance of about 100m.

Quality Rifle Scopes

As with reflex sights, it is crucial for a good riflescope that it is bulletproof. High-quality branded riflescopes are usually all bulletproof, even for large calibers. With very cheap riflescopes, caution is advised as the caliber increases. Even if the glass does not immediately fall out of the barrel, the adjustment can be slightly adjusted when the shot is fired without the shooter noticing. A nightmare for every marksman, because a good hit position becomes almost impossible. For sport shooters who shoot at an illuminated target, a high light transmission is not crucial, so the diameter of the rifle scope should not be too large, 56mm tubes are intended for hunters who use the last light of dawn. In addition, the distance between the line of sight and the line of fire is relatively large, which has disadvantages when shooting at different distances and the weight of the target optics increases with its size.

Red Dot Sights

With red dot sights it is crucial that the red dot neither shines too strongly, i.e. fades, nor that it is poorly or not at all visible due to insufficient shine. In addition, the red dot sight, especially for outdoor use, should be robust and provided with a lotus coating which allows water droplets to roll off. In addition, an automatic switch-off is recommended to increase the service life of the battery. A red dot sight, just like rifle scopes, should be fireproof. The bullet resistance ensures that the target optics do not move when a shot is fired or that the built-in lenses are not dislodged.