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Binocular guide

Binoculars can essentially be divided into two types, binoculars with roof prisms and with Porro prisms. Binoculars with roof prisms are more compact, but offer less spatial representation due to the smaller distance between the two lenses. Spatial representation is of interest to those users for whom it is important to estimate the distance to an object; these properties are particularly advantageous for hunting and the military.

Binoculars magnification

What makes a good pair of binoculars depends on the intended area of ​​use, as does the magnification factor. A magnification of 8 to 10 times is usually sufficient for hunting and hiking. As the magnification increases, it becomes more and more difficult to hold the binoculars steady so as not to blur the image. Binoculars with 12 or 15x magnification are bigger and heavier and don't just disappear into a jacket pocket. This is more of a hindrance when hunting and hiking. This is why binoculars with high magnification are best suited for observation and bird watching, preferably with a tripod. In addition, a nitrogen filling, which protects the glass from internal fogging, is recommended. A lotus coating on the outer lenses allows water droplets to roll off, which is particularly important for outdoor use. In addition, good binoculars should be as light, compact and robust as possible.

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Binoculars housing

The materials used for the binoculars housing are decisive for low weight and high stability; magnesium is used here for high-quality binoculars. High-quality binoculars are always waterproof, because once moisture has penetrated the interior of the binoculars, it is very difficult to remove it. The binoculars are practically unusable and must be sent to the manufacturer for repair. The same quality features apply to spotting scopes.

Binoculars lens diameter

Binoculars with a large lens diameter can capture a lot of light and thus theoretically present a bright image. Binoculars with a large lens diameter of 50mm or 56mm are very well suited for difficult lighting conditions at dusk, but rather unsuitable for hiking or bird watching because their dimensions are larger and they are heavier. High-quality binoculars with a lens diameter of 42mm bring sufficient light intensity for use during the day.

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